3) Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation (eTNS)
There are 2 devices FDA one for headaches (Cefaly) and one for ADHD (Monarch Neurosigma) in children 12 to 17 years old.
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Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation is also being actively investigated for other disorders including:
Seizures (Cook 2015, Soss 2015, Moseley 2014, Zare 2014, Pack 2013, DeGiorgio 2013, DeGiorgio 2009, DeGiorgio 2006, DeGiorgio 2003, Fanselow 2012, Pop 2011),
Depression (Shiozawa 2015, Cook 2013, Schrader 2011),
Fibromyalgia (Shiozawa 2014)
PTSD (Trevizol 2015)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (Trevizol 2015)
In our experience eTNS (trigeminal nerve stimulation) is a safe and effective treatment for several conditions. It works by gentle electrical pulses on the skin sending signals to the Top trigeminal nerve nucleus which connects with several important structures that balance the brain release of neurotransmitters.